During the month of January (2009) kicked off the testing on the tracking of the movements of waste across borders. Lombardy has launched a monitoring system with GPS. The trial have joined voluntarily, 7 transporters that have put a total available 69 tractors and 115 trailers.
The notifications,verified, are #200, and Km’s of travel monitored are over 2,900,000. This fact alone shows the proportions of the business of transport related to the trade of waste. If Italy, in the same period (2009), it had exported 1, 4 Mt and if each charge transport about 20 t ….
It ‘hard to determine exactly what is the trade in hazardous waste. Some operations require the payment by the exporter of waste and some by importer of waste, but cause of commercial confidentiality means that there is no overview on prices of treatment:
• In 2009, EU Member States have generated 74 million tonnes (Mt) of hazardous waste in total (28% more than in 2000).
• In the period 2001-2009, exports of hazardous waste from the States Member grew by 131%, from 3.2 Mt to 7.4 Mt.
• Almost all hazardous waste exports from EU Member States to other Member States (97% in 2009).
• In 2001, the EU States Member imported about 3 million tons of hazardous waste, while in 2009 this figure reached 8.9 Mt (an increase of 197%).
• In 2009, the Netherlands was the largest exporter of hazardous waste between the EU States Member (2.7 Mt) and Germany was the largest importer (3 Mt).
• About three-quarters of European movements of waste are transboundary for recovery operations, such as recycling of the materials or use as fuel, the rest moves for disposal. In 2009, Holland has exported the most dangerous waste (2.8 Mt), followed by Italy (1.4 Mt), France (1 Mt) and Belgium (0.7 Mt). Germany was the largest importer of hazardous waste in 2009, with 3 Mt, followed by France (2.3 Mt), the Netherlands (1 Mt), Italy (0.7 Mt) and Belgium (0.7 Mt) .
With regard to asbestos, in compact matrix and friable, have been exported 200,000 tons in 2007
Germany and France are countries that apply the process of “plasma vitrification” of asbestos, with industrial methods. The result of this treatment is a vitreous mass which is the raw material for the building and the production of clinker. The limitation of these systems is the ability to transform “large quantities” and this explains, in part, the increase, in Italy, the centers of storage of this waste and the slow progress of remediations.
The lack of industrial facilities for the recycling of asbestos in the area, is in the cords of our country that prefers “other”, to the detriment of the common good and that is evident by the increase in cross-border waste during the “Crisis”.